Doblhammer, Gabriele; Hoffmann, Rasmus; Muth, Elena; Nusselder, Wilma 2010, in: Aging, Care Need, and Quality of Life, VS-Verlag, Wiesbaden
Our objective is to determine the impact of sex, obesity and smoking on four different transitions between non-disabled, disabled and death. For our systematic literature review electronic databases, expert recommendations and reference sections of papers were searched for publications from 1985 to 2005. Being male, having a normal weight and nonsmoking reduces the risks of becoming disabled and increases the chances to recover. Women have lower mortality risks than men, disregarding of whether they are disabled or not. Surprisingly, obese persons both in a disabled and non-disabled status have lower mortality than persons with normal weight.